Pima County Emails Show I-11 $15 Million Dollar Fraud

Avra Valley looking west from the Gould Mine in the Tucson Mountains toward Kitt Peak in the distance.

In December, 2014, the Arizona State Transportation Board (STB) approved $15 million for a Tier One Environmental Impact Study (EIS) to develop routes for a new Interstate 11 from Wickenburg to Nogales.  They then suspended a number of just-approved road projects to free up funds for the EIS.  There were a series of public and private meetings through June, 2016, for “scoping” prior to determining a variety of alternate routes and selecting the “preferred alternative.”  That three year study is a waste of taxpayers’ money because the favored Tucson-area route has already been decided by the powers-that-be.

But county emails obtained by the Arizona Daily Independent.com through a public information request show that the I-11 promoters are worried about growing opposition, especially from residents of the Avra Valley who are directly threatened by the new highway.

On March 26, 2014, then-STB Chair, and now candidate for Pima County Supervisor, Steve Christy wrote to county staff and others:

“The greatest risk of conducting (a study being considered) is that it will prematurely and unnecessarily stir up all the anti-highway builders, especially in Avra Valley who will get stirred up enough anyway once the EIS is underway giving them more time and reason to activate and hone their skills….”

Christy’s email list included County Strategic Planning Officer John Moffatt, Deputy County Administrator John Bernal, County Dept. of Transportation Director Priscilla Cornelio, and staff of the Southern Arizona Leadership Council and Pima Association of Governments.  The email also indicated that the I-11 promoters had some differences with the Arizona Dept. of Transportation (ADOT).

The message went to Pima County Administrator Chuck Huckelberry two minutes after Moffatt received it.


 In a May 18 meeting with Avra Valley stakeholders, including this writer, ADOT Project Manager Jay Van Echo said that they would come up with a “couple of dozen lines on a map” but acknowledged that there were really only two choices:  following the existing I-10 corridor or the Avra Valley route proposed by Huckelberry.  ADOT rejected the I-10 alignment six years ago in context of an I-10 Bypass that is virtually identical to the Huckelberry Avra Valley proposal.

 At that December, 2008, meeting in Tucson, then-ADOT State Engineer Jennifer Toth raised and dismissed double-decking just six miles of I-10, from Ruthrauff to I-19, on the basis of cost.  Using ADOT’s numbers, while the cost-per-mile of double-decking is higher, that alternative would actually cost 1/3 what a new highway would cost, saving taxpayers nearly $2 billion.

ADOTStudyAREAThat STB meeting, chaired by attorney Si Schorr, adopted the $3 million I-10 Bypass “Major Investment Study” without hearing from even one of the more than 100 people present, leading to a vocal protest with police called in and the meeting recessed.  Finally five people were allowed to voice their opposition, including Saguaro National Park, Arizona Game and Fish, the US Bureau of Reclamation, and two Avra Valley activists.  The vote went unchanged, but no money was available for the study so it went dormant – until I-11.

 Van Echo’s admission, while professing his “neutrality,” confirms a long string of communications getting the already-preferred Avra Valley route in motion.  Curiously, all of the maneuvering has been done by Pima County staff with cronies from the private sector, and not by the county officials elected to make policy. The recipients of email copies go far beyond government.  Leaders of the Tucson-Metro Chamber of Commerce, Imagine Greater Tucson, Southern Arizona Leadership Council and Tucson Regional Economic Opportunities, now called Sun Corridor Inc. – all private business organizations – were copied on many of the county emails.  All are pro-I-11.

The Pima County Board of Supervisors, whose majority strongly supports the County Administrator, has its own problem.  Nine years ago they passed a resolution, 2007-343, that clearly opposes the proposed highway.   That resolution concluded:

“Now, Therefore Be It Resolved that the Pima County Board of Supervisors opposes the construction of any new highways in or around the County that have the stated purpose of bypassing the existing Interstate 10 as it is believed that the environmental, historic, archaeological and urban form impacts could not be adequately mitigated.” 

Board members have been silent about the contradiction between their own policy and their support for I-11 and the Sonoran Corridor, although Supervisor Ray Carroll said that they might have to rethink it.


 The county emails show years of maneuvering to get the Tucson-area I-11 route prioritized by ADOT, with John Moffatt, who likes to use “Dr.” in his title to show off his PhD, telling Huckelberry, Schorr and others on October 11, 2013:

“We are focused on getting the Avra Valley route on the PAG (Pima Association of Governments) Regionally Significant Routes map due to be published soon so we have a basis from which to advance the request for the next study…We should not have to wait until the Phoenix alternatives are studied in detail as that will be years.”  PAG quickly fell into line.

Si Schorr told Huckelberry that same day that he had “attended the ADOT Board meeting in Wickenburg this morning.  Preceding that, yesterday, I had conversations with Chairman Victor Flores, Vice-Chair Kelly Anderson, and separately with other Board members concerning I-11…Steve Christy will be (STB) Chairman next year, and Kelly Anderson will be the Vice-Chair.  This places us in a good position vis-á-vis the Tucson commitment.”

Since Schorr was no longer on the State Transportation Board, it is unclear just who he was representing in his travels and paying for his lobbying activities.  He is a Director of the private Southern Arizona Leadership Council.  A February 7, 2014, email from Schorr to county planner Moffatt recounted the lawyer’s making contact with a former Arizona Republic reporter to get the Tucson I-11 route publicized and that he had invited Arizona Daily Star reporter Gabriela Rico to attend an I-11 meeting in Sierra Vista.  Rico, and other Star reporters, have ignored opposition to I-11 in their stories.  Schorr urged Moffatt, with copies to Huckelberry and others, to get “heavy hitters” like Jim Click and Don Diamond activated.

County Administrator Huckelberry emailed former Star reporter and Tucson Medical Center Public Relations Manager Rhoda Bodfield on February 25, 2014, suggesting material for a Star op-ed article and asking what spin to put on it:

  •   “Do we support getting gambler’s (sic) to Vegas quicker or international ties to Mexico trade?  What do you think?”
  •   A year later, on March 20, 2015, Huckelberry emailed Pima County lobbyist Michael Racy that,
  •   “ADOT is trashing our economic development plan and when the Gov (Arizona Governor Doug Ducey) comes down to break ground on Hughes Access relocation we intend to indicate ADOT is pushing Raytheon out of the State.”


PimaMapAvraRouteOriginally listed as a segment of I-11 on Pima County maps by the Administrator’s office, the Sonoran Corridor is intended to benefit Raytheon, Tucson International Airport, and the University of Arizona Tech Park.  It could do that with a pretty straight east-west line connecting I-10 and I-19 east of I-19.  The chosen route, however, drops south to benefit “heavy hitter” Don Diamond’s planned 3000-acre Swan Southlands development, and then goes west to connect with Huckelberry’s Avra Valley highway.  That route covers over 1500 acres owned by Mesa real estate speculator, and failed political candidate, Wilford Cardon.  Critics call the curious benefits for the two millionaires “crony capitalism” and note that such gifts to private persons or companies are illegal.

That is the reason given why Pima County refuses to grade or maintain most of the dirt roads in Picture Rocks with its 10,000 people, a center of opposition to I-11.  Those roads, the county says, are really “utility easements” and private property which they are prohibited from improving.  County road crews have no problem using those “utility easements” as staging areas for clearing flood debris off of paved county roads.

The November, 2015, Pima County bond election’s number one proposition included $30 million for the Sonoran Corridor, packaged with popular road repairs.  That proposition, and all of the bond measures, went down to a stunning defeat.  That has not stopped Board of Supervisors and Sun Corridor, Inc. Chair Sharon Bronson and county staff from trying to find ways to resurrect it.

While trying to position the Sonoran Corridor prior to the bond election, real estate banker, auto dealer  and former STB chair Steve Christy complained on March 17, 2015, to Huckelberry, Moffatt, Cornelio, and SALC vice-president Ted Maxwell that ADOT might label the highway as a “planning route” instead of a designated State Route.  Christy was upset: “Oh crap!  This stinks…This just isn’t right.”

Huckelberry, obviously piqued, sent the email on to lobbyist Michael Racy the next day, saying, “ADOT on shit list.”


What the record shows is a clique of Pima County staff, mainly based in County Administrator Chuck Huckelberry’s office, working with private business organizations, political appointees, lobbyists, and cronies to shape public policy in Pima County and beyond.  They could be called the “Power Structure” or the “Establishment,” or even “The Secret Government,” since none are elected or accountable to the people.

Many of these people are the same ones putting tens of thousands of dollars into election campaigns, whether for the defeated bond measures or for their candidates for the Board of Supervisors, both Democrat and Republican.  ADI is the only media source publishing the information from candidates’ required filings of contributors.

The Board of Supervisors sets policy and hires staff, including the $320,000 per year County Administrator, who are supposed to carry those policies out.  The record shows that BOS Resolution  2007-343 has been ignored and deliberately circumvented by county staff, and the Board has let it happen.


A personal note:  In discussing this article with a smart and politically savvy friend, that person said the article would be disempowering rather than empowering, adding  “I-11 was a done deal” and there was no real program to defeat it.  The I-11 route through the Avra Valley may be a “done deal” in the minds of The Establishment in that they are not open to considering other alternatives, but that does not make it inevitable.

The bonds were supposed to be a “done deal” that couldn’t be stopped, even with the Yes campaign and their “heavy hitters” outspending the No campaign something like 200 – 1.  The voters saw through the smoke and mirrors and stopped them in their tracks.  I-11 can be stopped too.  The Avra Valley and its communities, wildlife, archaeology – and tourism-related jobs – can be saved.  We can shine the spotlight on the manipulation and maneuvering, and we can vote.

This November most eyes will be on the presidential election, but also up is the Pima County Board of Supervisors.  A number of candidates – incumbent Ally Miller in District 1, Republican challengers Marla Closen and John Backer in District 4, Kim DeMarco in District 3, and Richard Hernandez (ruled off the ballot but a possible write-in) in District 2 — have said they would not retain County Administrator Chuck Huckelberry, the heart of the pro-I-11 campaign.  Green Party candidate Martin Bastidas in District 5 might be persuaded to join them to help stop the environmental destruction I-11 would cause.

The pro-I-11 forces will argue, as they always do in pushing dubious projects that benefit themselves and each other, that I-11 means jobs.  The planning studies clearly show that those jobs will be in Mexico, where wages lower than China’s are predicted by ADOT.  R&D in Arizona and Nevada, manufacture and assembly in Mexico.  That’s called “integrative manufacturing.”  “Nearshoring” is attracting US companies from China…to Mexico, and stealing American jobs from the West Coast to the expanding Mexican Port of Guaymas.   It’s really about profits, not jobs.

Many people are turned off by the negative campaigning in this heated political season.  They may not vote.  We can encourage our friends and neighbors to save democracy by practicing it, at least at the local level.  The people, communities, wildlife, desert and jobs we save…might be our own.

The author wants to thank the Arizona Daily Independent.com  for making copies of the Pima County emails they obtained available.  While ADI and I do not always agree on many things, they are performing a real public service that no one else has stepped up to do.  This is what the “Fourth Estate,” is supposed to do.

Related articles:

Pima County Emails Show Collusion With PAC

Powerful Pima County Supervisors Vote In The Future

Contempt For Farley In Emails Does Not Amuse Pima County Residents

Steve Christy Wants Pima County Job – Any Job

Pima County Residents Need To Know

Bronson Illegally Uses Pima County Staff, Resources In Re-election Bid

Emails Reveal Pima County Supervisor Bronson’s Role In Media Attacks On Miller

Pima County Supervisor Bronson Commits Viral Campaign Finance Violation

Who Is Funding Pima County Supervisor Candidates?

Pima County Communications Department Efforts Raise Ethical Questions

Pima County’s Pampered Supes Enjoy Good Life


  1. King Huck and fraud used in the same sentence? Please Batman, Say it isn’t so!!!
    If you really want change, vote out the old guard and install real people and kick out the players.

  2. Trends are the cargo shipping is moving to rail. The railroads boast about how they can move 1 ton of cargo almost 500 miles on a gallon of gas. Trucks on highways just cannot compete with that, especially as gas prices eventually begin to climb a expected. Then there’s that pesky maintenance issue of new highways. This legislature (and this is not expected to change anytime soon) refuses to increase the gasoline tax to pay for maintenance through the highway user revenue fund (HURF). Huckleberry’s answer is to implement a gasoline tax for Pima County as they did in Clark County Nevada. Now that county is experiencing drivers avoiding their county to avoid paying the $.10 additional gasoline tax. The same could happen to the Tucson area impacting the use of services, restaurants, hotels, etc. We could end up with a brand new highway that never gets used and we end up paying for for decades to come.

    Local jurisdictions need to put together a professional task force that incudes UofA economics and business professors, local businesses as well as other stakeholders. Local jurisdictions should also be included as they will be impacted by the shift in private sector investment to Avra Valley. This bypass route and its impact to existing developed areas could become a major catastrophe to local jurisdictions. Pima County’s Sonoran Corridor is the first step as shown on the map. Fortunately, Pima County voters voted that down last November along with its $300 million dollar tab in local taxpayer investment. It’s not needed.

  3. This whole process began before 2006 when Si Schorr was the County’s representative on the ADOT Advisory Board. They put on a fake “review” process for the best route that included a Safford route north, a Willcox route north and a Benson route north through the San Pedro. They know all would draw opposition but they did not want any of the three. The fourth and the internally preferred route was the route through Avra Valley because it is within Pima County jurisdiction allowing Pima Count to reap the rewards of new development and would starve the City of Tucson of development revenue. Notwithstanding Huckleberry’s support, the Board voted it down in 2007. Regardless of the vote, Huckleberry lobbied throughout the state in favor the the “Tucson bypass route” appearing at ever available event where potential private sector stakeholder representatives would be present to advocate the virtues of his proposal. PAG and the RTA were easy pickings for him and he has them in his pocket. The wheels fell off the wagon when rumors were circulated that his representative to the ADOT Advisory Board had purchased property near Casa Grande adjacent to the route Pima County would “eventually” select. That’s when Huckleberry and Pima County went silent for a couple of years to avoid controversy. That is also when Huckleberry went looking for a new representative who could not be accused of ulterior motives. Why didn’t the reporter seek City of Tucson opinion about the bypass route? Does Tucson have a position on this and was it presented to PAG, the RTA and ADOT?Tucson stands to lose millions in revenue at an escalating rate which will severely damage all the downtown redevelopment progress as well as other businesses within a mile of I-10. It should be noted that businesses within a mile of I-10 provide employment to many residents who live in impoverished neighborhoods near I-10. Has anyone asked what will happen to them when those businesses close? It has been estimated that those businesses will lose 30% of their business with the bypass route. Most businesses operate on a 10% profit margin, which means most of those businesses will go under, thus exacerbating the poverty along I-10. How can this be allowed to happen when you have Democrats as the majority in Pima County?

  4. The Arizona Daily Star knew all the above. They just refuse to report on it as they are members of the Southern Arizona Leadership Council and also support regional government. They know that the bypass route will be an economic catastrophe for the City of Tucson and it’s residents but they don’t care. They want regional government. That’s why the Arizona Daily Star refused to report anything positive about the City of Tucson for over 10 years as part of the effort to turn the City of Tucson’s constituents against the City organization. These guys are thinking long-term and are looking at the situation from a 30,000 foot level while others are still on the ground, including many local elected officials.

  5. This propisal will starve tge City of Tucson economically as all orivate real estate investment will shift to the new route as what happens with all new bypass highways. The gial has been to starve the City of Tucson of private investment forcing regional government per a goal listed on the Southern Arizona Leadershio Council (SALC) website. Pima County is a member of SALC as is The Arizona Dail Star. Ann Brown, former publisher and editor of the ADS wrote an opinion on the virtues of regional government in Denver soon after Tucson City Manager Mike Hein, who used to wirk for Puma County was fired by tge City Council…

  6. I would like to know why Pima County Administrator Chuck (BUBBBBBLEBERRY) IS STILL IN HIS POSIION? It seems that he does not have the concerns of the taxpayers of Pima County on his agenda in making decisions.
    I believe it’s his time to go. He is paid an erroneous salary at the taxpayers expense.

  7. Actually, Billy B, an Avra Valley person I know with a site-built house on five acres pretty much in the path of the Huckelberry Highway has an assessed value about half of that of an old manufactured home on 1-1/4 acres not in I-11’s alignment. The county plans to expropriate on the cheap.

  8. I would think all the land owners of the western valley would have $$$$ signs in their eyes that their low cost track of land would have big buck possibilities as the QT’s and McStops would buy up their I-11 property for 100 times what they bought it for and they’d move on… to the big times

  9. This is an excellent article and a primer for those who have no awareness of how huckelberry runs the county as his own kingdom. I have known for a long time that.huckelberry controls a lot of what shows up in our local az star. To actually see an email from him is priceless. I hope that my fb friends will take the time to read this excellent expose. Thanks ADI, what would we without you

  10. Why don’t they just plow up the entire state that’s not already developed? They’re doing it now, one piece at a time. They’re destroying what makes Arizona beautiful!

  11. No one with any sense can be surprised at what is going on locally, at the state level and nationally. Cronies and bureaucrats have almost taken over and we are at their mercy. What a shame that the uninformed voter allowed this to happen. Jim Click, Don Diamond and the rest are not concerned with this area, they are simply concerned with their bottom lines and always have been. Why does road design give Diamond a free road for his planned development? Why do people like Steve Christy want to take manufacturing jobs to Mexico? What enjoyment does Chuck Huckelberry get out of seing a majority of taxpayers struggle in this area? What about the roads that are crap and there are no real plans to fix them? As long as Huckelberry and his clones are in power this county is totally screwed. Low wages, high taxes, cronies living off the taxpayer and on and on. The author is right. If we ever have a chance to change the direction of this county the time is now. The feelings of abandonment by the bureaucrats and cronies is burning many people. We are basically paying taxes to the county for what? Open land, balloon ports, empty buildings, ect, etc. The ADI is the only publication that openly tells of the backroom dealings and who is responsible and who the Huckster is holding hands with at this time. Keep up the good work and we really need to get the word out. The county is moving in the direction of this country, toward the drain.

    • Well put jdfast!

      It certainly makes you want to
      figure out how to get the Arizona
      Daily Independent more exposure to
      the largely uninformed Pima County
      I wonder if the A.D.I. would give
      readers their estimate of market
      penetration in the local area.

      As a long time Pima County resident
      I have seen the 5th fastest growing
      metropolitan area turned in to the
      8th poorest- despite favorable demographic
      trends in the past 4 decades.

      Disclosure: I have absolutely no
      connection to anyone involved with
      the A.D.I. (at least that I am aware of)

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